Region 2, commonly known as "Cagayan Valley", seats on the northeastern part of Luzon. It is endowed with vast track of rich agricultural and pasture lands surrounded by mighty mountain ranges.
The region has five provinces of different topography, one of which is the Batanes group of island north of the mainland largely separated by the great expanse of the Balintang Channel. The provinces of Isabela, Cagayan and Nueva Vizcaya are referred to as the valley provinces mainly because their land areas are located along the Cagayan River basin which tributaries serve to irrigate the agricultural plains. The province of Quirino is practically mountainous as it is located within the Sierra Madre ranges.
With a total land area of some 2.68 million hectares, the region is the fourth largest in the country. The City of Tuguegarao, the capital of Cagayan, which is 495 kms north of Manila, also serves as the regions's capital. The total population of the region is 2.8 million based on 2002 census.
The Cagayan Valley has provided and sustained the basic resources of the country. It significantly supplies food, water and power not only to the adjacent regions but impacts on the basic needs of the nation's capital. Much of its comparative advantages come from an overwhelming abundance of nature's blessings.